Hong Kong KFBG orchid project



OSSSU Project KFBG Introduction



Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden (KFBG) is situated on the northern slopes of Tai Mo Shan (957 m), Hong Kong’s highest mountain. Within KFBG are streams, woodlands, orchards and vegetable terraces, together with conservation and education facilities. KFBG is a unique public-private partnership that was designated as a conservation and education centre by Ordinance (Chapter 1156) in the Legislative Council of Hong Kong on 20 January 1995. While KFBG is a public organisation, it is privately funded by the Kadoorie Foundation.

Since 1995, KFBG has focused on promoting conservation and sustainable living in Hong Kong and South China, with programmes on flora and fauna conservation and the promotion of agricultural practices. The conservation of Hong Kong’s native orchid flora has been a key component of KFBG’s work since the late 1970s, when the late Gloria Barretto began detailed taxonomic and ecological studies to better understand the territory’s rich orchid diversity.


Today, the orchids are arguably the best studied group of plants in Hong Kong. However, owing to their often highly localised distribution patterns and their cultural popularity, the dual threats of rapid urban development and collection from the wild by herbalists and orchid enthusiasts also make them the most endangered. Of the 120 species recorded from Hong Kong, many have not been seen in the wild for several decades. These factors, together with their taxonomic diversity (despite the small total land area of 1104 km2, all five subfamilies of Orchidaceae occur in Hong Kong), make them a fascinating and high profile group for the study of seed germination and population ecology.

The Orchid Conservation Section at KFBG now aims to place seed from 60% of Hong Kong’s native orchid species into storage by 2012. By integrating field studies with germination trials, micropropagation and population genetics, we are adopting an integrated approach for both in situ conservation and ex situ culture and recovery.

Orchid photo's above: Arundina graminifolia and Anoectochilus roxburghii